WHAT IS DIABETES?
Diabetes is a disease that is caused by an increase of blood glucose (sugar) levels in the body. Glucose is a vital part of your health because it’s broken down by the cells to create energy, in which can then be used by the muscles and tissues. Normally, the body actively breaks down food into glucose and other nutrients and carries it throughout the cells of the body. The cells then use a hormone called insulin, which helps the glucose to enter the cells and to be converted into energy. When the body does not produce enough insulin, the blood sugar levels typically rise in the bloodstream. Overtime, high blood glucose levels may lead to damage to blood vessels, nerves, kidneys, eyes or the heart.
COMMON DIABETIC SYMPTOMS
- High Glucose Levels (hyperglycemia)
- Hunger and Fatigue
- More frequent desire to urinate
- Excessive thirst
- Blurred Vision or blindness due to retina or nerve damage
- Tingling, pain, or weakness in the foot
- Blood vessels narrow
- Dry mouth and itchy, dry skin
- bacterial infections of the skin (styes, boils, folliculitis, carbuncles)
Note: You usually won’t notice symptoms of hyperglycemia until your blood sugar is over 200mgdl.