TYPE 1 DIABETES:

Type 1 Diabetes is mainly diagnosed in young children, being previously referred to as “juvenile diabetes,” but has been seen to be diagnosed to all ages. Only about 5% of people with Diabetes are Type 1 [8]. Type 1 Diabetes is known as an autoimmune disease, in which the body’s immune system attacks the healthy cells, mistaking them for foreign invaders. In this instance the immune system incorrectly targets insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas. As a result, the beta cells are attacked so much that eventually the pancreas can’t make enough insulin, therefore causing the body’s blood sugar levels to rise. Without the proper amount of insulin, the body is unable to transfer the glucose it gets from food to the cells in order to fuel the body. Since there is no current cure for Type 1 Diabetes, it is very important that individuals with the disease monitor their blood glucose levels and administer their own daily insulin injections either by an insulin pump or insulin pens.