TYPE 2 DIABETES:
Type 2 Diabetes is mainly diagnosed in middle aged or older adults, although it is now becoming more and more common in young adults. This form of the disease is very different from that of Type 1. In Type 2 Diabetes, beta cells aren’t being attacked by the immune system. Instead, the body loses its ability to recognize and respond to insulin (a.k.a insulin resistance). The body’s cells don’t use insulin properly and the body can’t make enough insulin to control its blood sugar levels. At first, the pancreas makes extra insulin to make up for the insulin resistance, but over time can’t make enough insulin to keep up with normal blood sugar levels. A major risk factor for the development of Type 2 Diabetes is obesity and physical inactivity. When gone untreated, Type 2 Diabetes can lead to serious medical problems, including cardiovascular disease, but is found to be controllable by diet, exercise, and effective medication.